Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 1998 Jun;66(6):2722-7.

Effects of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and tumor necrosis factor alpha on Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Immunologie Expérimentale, Faculté de Médecine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

We have previously shown that the addition of exogenous granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to nonactivated mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM) limits Trypanosoma cruzi infections in vitro (E. Olivares Fontt and B. Vray, Parasite Immunol. 17:135-141, 1995). Lower levels of infection were correlated with a higher level of production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in the absence of nitric oxide (NO) release. These data suggested that GM-CSF and/or TNF-alpha might have a direct parasitocidal effect on T. cruzi trypomastigotes, independently of NO release. To address this question, T. cruzi trypomastigotes were treated with recombinant murine GM-CSF (rmGM-CSF), recombinant murine TNF-alpha (rmTNF-alpha), or both cytokines in a cell-free system. Treatment with rmGM-CSF but not rmTNF-alpha caused morphological changes in the parasites, and most became spherical after 7 h of incubation. Both cytokines exerted a cytolytic activity on the trypomastigotes, yet the trypanolytic activity of rmTNF-alpha was more effective than that of rmGM-CSF. Viable rmGM-CSF- and rmTNF-alpha-treated parasites were less able to infect MPM than untreated parasites, and this reduction in infectivity was greatest for rmGM-CSF. Treatments with both cytokines resulted in more lysis and almost complete inhibition of infection. The direct parasitocidal activity of rmTNF-alpha was inhibited by carbohydrates and monoclonal antibodies specific for the lectin-like domain of TNF-alpha. Collectively, these results suggest that cytokines such as GM-CSF and TNF-alpha may directly control the level of T. cruzi trypomastigotes at least in vitro and so could determine the outcome of infection in vivo.

PMID:
9596739
PMCID:
PMC108261
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center