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Blood. 1998 Jun 1;91(11):4051-5.

Differential effects of anti-Fas ligand and anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha antibodies on acute graft-versus-host disease pathologies.

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Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


Both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and Fas ligand (FasL) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this study, we examined the ameliorating effects of neutralizing anti-FasL and/or anti-TNFalpha monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in a lethal acute GVHD model in mice. Whereas the treatment with either anti-FasL or anti-TNFalpha MoAb alone significantly delayed the mortality and improved the body weight, a complete protection was achieved by the administration of both MoAbs. Pathological examination indicated differential effects of anti-FasL or anti-TNFalpha MoAb on GVHD-associated pathologies. Hepatic lesion was improved by anti-FasL but not anti-TNFalpha MoAb. In contrast, intestinal lesion was improved by anti-TNFalpha but not anti-FasL MoAb. Cutaneous and splenic lesions were improved by either MoAb. The combination of both MoAbs improved all these lesions. These results indicate that FasL and TNFalpha differentially contribute to the GVHD pathologies and a complete protection from mortality can be achieved by neutralization of both FasL and TNFalpha.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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