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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998 May 1;162(1):83-91.

Ca(2+)-ATPases of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: diversity and possible role in protein sorting.

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Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie und Pflanzenphysiologie, Universitat Regensburg, Germany.


The PMR1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is thought to encode a putative Ca(2+)-ATPase [1]. Membranes isolated from wild-type cells and from pmr1 null mutant of S. cerevisiae were fractionated on sucrose density gradients. In the pmr1 mutant we found a decrease in activity of the P-type ATPase and of ATP-dependent, protonophore-insensitive Ca2+ transport in light membranes, that comigrate with the Golgi marker GDPase. We conclude that the product of the PMR1 gene (Pmr1p) is indeed a Ca(2+)-ATPase of the Golgi and Golgi-like membranes. Surprisingly, the pmr1 null mutation abolished Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in Golgi and/or Golgi-like membranes only to 50% under conditions where they are separated from vacuolar membranes. This indicates that an additional Ca(2+)-ATPase is localized in Golgi and/or Golgi-like membranes. Moreover, a third Ca(2+)-ATPase is found in the ER and ER-like membranes. The data are consistent with the assumption that these Ca(2+)-ATPases are encoded by gene(s) different from PMR1. Disruption of PMR1 Ca(2+)-ATPase causes significant redistribution of enzyme activities and of total protein in compartments of the secretory pathway. A decrease in activity is observed for three integral membrane proteins: NADPH cytochrome c reductase, dolichyl phosphate mannose synthase, and Ca(2+)-ATPase, and also for total protein in Golgi, Golgi-like compartments and in vacuoles, whereas a corresponding increase of these activities is observed in endoplasmic reticulum and endoplasmic reticulum-like membranes. We assume that Ca(2+)-ATPases and sufficient Ca2+ gradients across the organellar membranes are important for the correct sorting of proteins to the various compartments of the secretory apparatus.

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