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Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins: molecular mode of action.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.

Abstract

Growing interest in biorational pesticides has placed the Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal proteins at the forefront of pesticides for plant genetic engineering. The development of improvement pesticides, both in enhanced activity and broader host range, depends on an understanding of its mechanism of action. This review presents a complete overview of the bacterium and the group of insecticidal proteins known as Cry proteins or delta-endotoxins. The molecular mode of action is described in detail, including the mapping of receptor binding sites by site-directed mutagenesis, the known receptors, and the ion-channel activity of the toxins.

PMID:
9594569
DOI:
10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60887-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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