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Trop Med Int Health. 1998 Mar;3(3):189-96.

Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in a child from Angola: diagnosis by direct detection and culture.

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Carl-Thiem-Klinikum, Cottbus, Germany.


Buruli ulcer, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is a chronic ulcerative skin disease, found predominantly in central and west Africa and Australia. A boy of 2.5 years of age from Angola was admitted to our hospital with severe kwashiokor and a large ulcer with undermined edges on the left side of the thorax. Further examination revealed anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, bacterial superinfection of the ulcer and intestinal parasites. Histological analysis showed acid-fast bacilli and histopathological changes typical of Buruli ulcer. M. ulcerans was detected by PCR and culture. The patient was treated by surgical excision of diseased skin, followed by split-skin grafting. He also received antibiotic therapy (ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, rifabutin, and dapsone). After six months, the child was discharged from hospital in good condition. This is the first published case of Buruli ulcer from Angola.

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