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J Infect Dis. 1998 May;177(5):1332-8.

The in vitro induction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication in purified protein derivative-positive HIV-infected persons by recall antigen response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the result of a balance of the effects of endogenous interleukin-2 and proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines.

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Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-2520, USA.


Coinfection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a serious problem, particularly in developing countries. Recently, M. tuberculosis and purified protein derivative (PPD) were demonstrated to induce HIV replication in CD8 T cell-depleted peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HIV-positive, PPD-positive persons but not in cells from PPD-negative persons. The role of endogenous and exogenous cytokines in modulating M. tuberculosis-induced HIV replication was evaluated. M. tuberculosis-induced HIV replication decreased following simultaneous inhibition of endogenous interleukin (IL)-2, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha by the addition of soluble receptors and receptor antagonists or following exogenous IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. In contrast, neutralization of endogenous IL-10 and TGF-beta augmented M. tuberculosis-induced HIV replication by increasing cellular activation. Thus, the balance between IL-2 and proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines plays a major role in M. tuberculosis-induced replication of HIV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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