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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1998 May 1;14(7):591-7.

Interactions of polyclonal and monoclonal anti-glycoprotein 120 antibodies with oligomeric glycoprotein 120-glycoprotein 41 complexes of a primary HIV type 1 isolate: relationship to neutralization.

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Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10016, USA.


We have studied antibody reactivity with monomeric and oligomeric forms of the gp120 envelope glycoprotein from the macrophage-tropic primary virus, HIV-1 JR-FL. We find that the correlation between oligomer reactivity and virus neutralization is not absolute for MAbs to epitopes overlapping the CD4-binding site on gp120. An MAb (205-46-9) with very limited neutralizing ability for JR-FL binds about as avidly to oligomeric JR-FL envelope glycoproteins as the strongly neutralizing IgG1b12 MAb does. In addition, neutralizing and nonneutralizing sera from HIV-1-infected people are similar in their reactivities to oligomeric JR-FL envelope glycoproteins; the correlation between oligomer reactivity and virus neutralization is weak. Although oligomer reactivity of an anti-gp120 antibody is necessary for virus neutralization, it is not always sufficient to cause it.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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