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Biophys J. 1998 May;74(5):2318-26.

Interaction of permeant and blocking ions in cloned inward-rectifier K+ channels.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tübingen, Germany.

Abstract

Blocking cloned inward-rectifier potassium (Kir) channels from the cytoplasmic side was analyzed with a rapid application system exchanging the intracellular solution on giant inside-out patches from Xenopus oocytes in <2 ms. Dependence of the pore-block on interaction of the blocking molecule with permeant and impermeant ions on either side of the membrane was investigated in Kir1.1 (ROMK1) channels blocked by ammonium derivatives and in Kir4.1 (BIR10) channels blocked by spermine. The blocking reaction in both systems showed first-order kinetics and allowed separate determination of on- and off-rates. The off-rates of block were strongly dependent on the concentration of internal and external bulk ions, but almost independent of the ion species at the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. With K+ as the only cation on both sides of the membrane, off-rates exhibited strong coupling to the K+ reversal potential (E(K)) and increased and decreased with reduction in intra and extracellular K+ concentration, respectively. The on-rates showed significant dependence on concentration and species of internal bulk ions. This control of rate-constants by interaction of permeant and impermeant internal and external ions governs the steady-state current-voltage relation (I-V) of Kir channels and determines their physiological function under various conditions.

PMID:
9591659
PMCID:
PMC1299575
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(98)77941-X
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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