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Dig Dis Sci. 1998 May;43(5):945-52.

Distal small bowel hormones: correlation with fasting antroduodenal motility and gastric emptying.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Karolinska Institute at Danderyd Hospital, Sweden.


The aim of the present study was to study the interdigestive motor complex (MMC), distal small intestinal hormones, and gastric emptying in normal-weight and obese subjects before and after jejunoileal bypass (JIB). Therefore, fasting antroduodenal motility, gastric emptying, and RIA for motilin (MOT), neurotensin (NT), peptide YY (PYY), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) was performed in nine obese subjects before (BMI 42 +/- 4 kg/m2) and nine months after (BMI 31 +/- 4) JIB, and in two groups of nine age- and sex-matched controls (BMI 23 +/- 1 and 21 +/- 1). The rate of gastric emptying was faster in obese subjects and GLP-1 lower compared to normal-weight controls. After JIB, fewer phase III of the MMC were observed; fasting levels of PYY were elevated during the MMC; postprandial levels of NT, PYY, and GLP-1 were elevated; and gastric emptying was delayed. Our results suggest that there may be an association between an impaired GLP-1 response after food intake and obesity, and after JIB, PYY seems to regulate interdigestive motility while GLP-1 may regulate early gastric emptying.

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