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J Neurol Sci. 1998 Apr 1;156(2):167-71.

A small direct tandem duplication of the myelin protein zero gene in a patient with Dejerine-Sottas disease phenotype.

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School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University, Japan.


We present a male patient with Dejerine-Sottas disease phenotype, who had a small direct tandem duplication of the Po gene. The pathology of the sural nerve showed hypomyelinated fibers with absence of active demyelination and onion-bulb formations composed of two parallel layers of basement membrane, consistent with congenital hypomyelination neuropathy (CHN). However, his clinical features were more severe than those of previously reported CHN patients. A GGCA insertion was identified at the position of nucleotide 560 in the myelin protein zero (Po) gene. This insertional mutation was located in exon 4 coding for the transmembrane domain of the Po gene and caused a shift of reading frame, creating a stop codon. The mutation of the transmembrane domain probably has the largest impact on Po function. The mutation was not identified in both parents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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