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J Electrocardiol. 1998 Apr;31(2):137-43.

Effects of magnesium sulfate on electrical ventricular defibrillation of dogs.

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Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia 65212, USA.


Magnesium ion infusion has been reported for treatment of hypomagnesemia often associated with myocardial infarction and with surgeries involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Magnesium infusion before CPB has been reported to adversely affect the ability to defibrillate after CPB. However, there are also reports of magnesium ion infusion facilitating defibrillation of refractory ventricular fibrillation. This study evaluated the isolated effect of magnesium ion infusion on the shock intensity requirements for electrical defibrillation. The electric current required to defibrillate with 50% success (the ED50) was estimated in five mongrel dogs at baseline and again after each of four magnesium sulfate (80 mg/kg) infusions. The total serum magnesium level increased from 2.32 +/- 0.08 mg/dL (mean +/- SD) to 7.92 +/- 0.80 mg/dL. The mean estimated ED50 decreased from 12.8 +/- 2.9 A at baseline, to 11.1 +/- 0.8 A after the fourth infusion (P < .05), decreasing the delivered energy by 25%. Magnesium sulfate infusion was associated with a significant decrease in the electrical requirements for defibrillation. Key words: magnesium, electrical ventricular defibrillation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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