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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Apr 28;245(3):679-83.

Isolation and characterization of a rheumatoid arthritis-specific antigen (RA-A47) from a human chondrocytic cell line (HCS-2/8).

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Dentistry, Okayama University Dental School, Japan.


Two types of 47 kDa antigen specifically recognized by sera from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were isolated from the membrane fraction of a human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line (HCS-2/8) by a 2-step procedure: preparative SDS-PAGE and reverse-phase HPLC. An N-terminal amino acid sequence in one of the 47 kDa antigens, named RA-A47, had 81% homology to that deduced from the DNA sequence of the colligin gene which is reported as human hsp47 gene, and 100% homology to that deduced from the DNA sequence of colligin-2 gene, a homologue of colligin. The RA-A47 cross-reacted with a monoclonal antibody raised against chick heat shock protein (Hsp) 47 and bound to gelatin. The expression of the ra-a47 gene was enhanced by heat shock treatment and TGF-beta stimulation. These findings suggest that RA-A47 is a Hsp47-like protein, presumably the product of the colligin-2 gene, and that a collagen-specific molecular chaperone(s) such as Hsp47 and/or RA-A47 is involved in cartilage destruction in RA.

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