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Urology. 1998 Apr;51(4):645-9.

Impact of the expression of epidermal growth factor, transforming growth factor alpha, and epidermal growth factor receptor on the prognosis of superficial bladder cancer.

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Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.



To investigate the correlation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression and its ligands EGF and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) with disease outcome in a cohort of patients with superficial bladder cancer.


Tumor samples of 21 patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for expression of EGFR, EGF, and TGF-alpha. Disease-related events were recorded during a routine clinical follow-up and analyzed for possible correlation with the expression status of the above-mentioned proteins.


All Stage pT1 transitional cell carcinomas expressed EGFR, and 10 of 21 (48%) tumors showed focal areas of strong EGF and/or TGF-alpha expression. Of these, 80% with EGF positivity (8 of 10) had recurrences, whereas only 9% of patients without EGF staining (1 of 11) did so. The same pattern was observed with TGF-alpha. A strong association was confirmed between EGF/TGF-alpha positivity and tumor recurrence (P <0.005). We also found that EGF and TGF-alpha were expressed in stroma and/or around the vessels of tumor tissue in 48% and 38% of the tumors, respectively. No association was found between the recurrence rate/vascular invasion and the stromal/vascular wall expression of the growth factors.


Expression of EGF and TGF-alpha is correlated with tumor recurrence. Also, there is the ability of vessel walls to express EGF and TGF-alpha in superficial bladder cancer. Further clarification of the impact of this expression on angioinvasion of tumor cells may be helpful in understanding the nature of local invasion and metastasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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