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Clin Oral Implants Res. 1997 Feb;8(1):48-57.

Implant-retained mandibular overdentures with immediate loading. A retrospective multicenter study on 226 consecutive cases.

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Department of Oral Surgery, Dental School, University of Milano, S. Paolo Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Italy.


A multicenter retrospective study has been conducted on 226 patients necessitating an implant-supported overdenture in the lower jaw. The patients were provided with 904 osseointegrated implants inserted in the interforaminal area of the mental symphisis (4 implants per patient). 4 titanium implant systems were used: TPS and ITI screw implants (Straumann Institute, Waldenburg, Switzerland); Ha-Ti screw implants (Mathys Dental Implants, Bettlach, Switzerland); NLS screw implants (Friatec, Mannheim, Germany). Immediately after implant placement, a U-shaped gold bar was fabricated and implants were immediately loaded with an implant-retained overdenture. Out of 226 patients treated, 194 were followed from a minimum of 2 years to a maximum of 13 years, with a mean follow-up of 6.4 years, whereas 32 patients dropped out during follow-up. The overall failure rate of implants was 3.1% (24/776 implants), whereas the failure rate of bars was 1.5% (3/194 bars). Results from this study showed that the success rate of immediately loaded implants is similar to that obtained in the case of delayed loading, after osseointegration has taken place. In contrast, this method shortens dental rehabilitation times with relevant satisfaction for patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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