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Am J Public Health. 1998 Jan;88(1):93-6.

Smoking cessation, weight gain, and changes in cardiovascular risk factors during menopause: the Healthy Women Study.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pa, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The relationship between smoking cessation, subsequent weight gain, and cardiovascular disease risk factors from premenopause to postmenopause was studied.

METHODS:

Healthy Women Study participants were assessed for changes in coronary heart disease risk factors from a premenopausal baseline assessment to first- and second-year postmenopausal assessments.

RESULTS:

Although ex-smokers gained substantially more weight than nonsmokers and smokers, they did not experience a greater increase in cardiovascular risk factors. In fact, the results indicated a trend toward ex-smokers' high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels increasing slightly more than those of nonsmokers and smokers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Smoking cessation in perimenopausal to postmenopausal women is associated with greater weight gain but appears to be modestly associated with certain positive changes in cardiovascular risk factors.

Comment in

PMID:
9584041
PMCID:
PMC1508411
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.88.1.93
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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