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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 May;31(6):1234-9.

A clinical trial comparing primary stenting of the infarct-related artery with optimal primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction: results from the Florence Randomized Elective Stenting in Acute Coronary Occlusions (FRESCO) trial.

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1
Division of Cardiology, Careggi Hospital, Florence, Italy. carddept@tin.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to compare stenting of the primary infarct-related artery (IRA) with optimal primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with respect to clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients with an acute myocardial infarction.

BACKGROUND:

Early and late restenosis or reocclusion of the IRA after successful primary PTCA significantly contributes to increased patient morbidity and mortality. Coronary stenting results in a lower rate of angiographic and clinical restenosis than standard PTCA in patients with angina and with previously untreated, noncomplex lesions.

METHODS:

After successful primary PTCA, 150 patients were randomly assigned to elective stenting or no further intervention. The primary end point of the trial was a composite end point, defined as death, reinfarction or repeat target vessel revascularization as a consequence of recurrent ischemia within 6 months of randomization. The secondary end point was angiographic evidence of restenosis or reocclusion at 6 months after randomization.

RESULTS:

Stenting of the IRA was successful in all patients randomized to stent treatment. At 6 months, the incidence of the primary end point was 9% in the stent group and 28% in the PTCA group (p=0.003); the incidence of restenosis or reocclusion was 17% in the stent group and 43% in the PTCA group (p=0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary stenting of the IRA, compared with optimal primary angioplasty, results in a lower rate of major adverse events related to recurrent ischemia and a lower rate of angiographically detected restenosis or reocclusion of the IRA.

PMID:
9581713
DOI:
10.1016/s0735-1097(98)00097-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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