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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998 Apr;22(2):279-94.

A review of the neurobehavioral deficits in children with fetal alcohol syndrome or prenatal exposure to alcohol.

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Center for Behavioral Teratology, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92120, USA.


Fetal alcohol syndrome is a devastating developmental disorder caused by prenatal exposure to high amounts of alcohol. In addition to structural abnormalities and growth deficits, fetal alcohol syndrome is associated with a broad spectrum of neurobehavioral anomalies. This paper reviews the behavioral and cognitive effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. More than 20 years of research are discussed, with a focus on IQ, activity, attention, learning, memory, language, motor, and visuospatial abilities in children prenatally exposed to varying amounts of alcohol, including those with fetal alcohol syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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