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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 May;285(2):707-15.

Effects of kappa-opioid receptor agonists on responses to colorectal distension in rats with and without acute colonic inflammation.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of kappa-opioid receptor agonists on pressor and visceromotor responses to colorectal distension in awake, unrestrained rats, a model of visceral pain. Because visceral pain can be enhanced in the presence of inflammation, the study was conducted in rats that had been given either intracolonic saline or 5% acetic acid 6 hr before drug administration. We developed a method of staircase colorectal distension as a means of obtaining stimulus-response functions over a short period of time. Kappa-opioid receptor agonists, given i.v. in a cumulative dose paradigm, dose-dependently attenuated both the pressor and visceromotor responses to colorectal distension. In addition, all drugs tested also increased response threshold. The rank order of potency of the drugs tested was: CI977 > U69,593 > U50,488 > or = morphine > or = EMD61,753 > ICI204,448. Effective doses of these drugs were antagonized by naloxone, but not by either of two kappa-opioid receptor-selective antagonists (nor-binaltorphimine and 2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-[3-isothiocyanate phenyl]-2-[1-pyrrolidinyl]ethyl)-acetamide). Acute inflammation of the colon did not lead to changes in the potency of the agonists tested. The present results provide further evidence that kappa-opioid receptor agonists significantly attenuate visceral nociception and, in conjunction with other information, suggest that a peripherally restricted kappa-opioid receptor agonist would be therapeutically effective in relieving visceral pain.

PMID:
9580617
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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