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Br J Pharmacol. 1998 Apr;123(7):1304-10.

ATP stimulation of Ca2+ -dependent plasminogen release from cultured microglia.

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Division of Pharmacology, National Institute of Health Sciences, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan.


1. ATP (10-100 microM), but not glutamate (100 microM), stimulated the release of plasminogen from microglia in a concentration-dependent manner during a 10 min stimulation. However, neither ATP (100 microM) nor glutamate (100 microM) stimulated the release of NO. A one hour pretreatment with BAPTA-AM (200 microM), which is metabolized in the cytosol to BAPTA (an intracellular Ca2+ chelator), completely inhibited the plasminogen release evoked by ATP (100 microM). The Ca2+ ionophore A23187 induced plasminogen release in a concentration-dependent manner (0.3 microM to 10 microM). 2. ATP induced a transient increase in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a concentration-dependent manner which was very similar to the ATP-evoked plasminogen release, whereas glutamate (100 microM) had no effect on [Ca2+]i (70 out of 70 cells) in microglial cells. A second application of ATP (100 microM) stimulated an increase in [Ca2+]i similar to that of the first application (21 out of 21 cells). 3. The ATP-evoked increase in [Ca2+]i was totally dependent on extracellular Ca2+, 2-Methylthio ATP was active (7 out of 7 cells), but alpha,beta-methylene ATP was inactive (7 out of 7 cells) at inducing an increase in [Ca2+]i. Suramin (100 microM) was shown not to inhibit the ATP-evoked increase in [Ca2+]i (20 out of 20 cells). 2'- and 3'-O-(4-Benzoylbenzoyl)-adenosine 5'-triphosphate (BzATP), a selective agonist of P2X7 receptors, evoked a long-lasting increase in [Ca2+]i even at 1 microM, a concentration at which ATP did not evoke the increase. One hour pretreatment with adenosine 5'-triphosphate-2', 3'-dialdehyde (oxidized ATP, 100 microM), a selective antagonist of P2X7 receptors, blocked the increase in [Ca2+]i induced by ATP (10 and 100 microM). 4. These data suggest that ATP may transit information from neurones to microglia, resulting in an increase in [Ca2+]i via the ionotropic P2X7 receptor which stimulates the release of plasminogen from the microglia.

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