Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Antimicrob Chemother. 1998 Mar;41 Suppl B:29-35.

Synergic interactions of macrolides and proton-pump inhibitors against Helicobacter pylori: a comparative in-vitro study.

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Biomedicina Sperimentale, Infettiva e Pubblica, Università degli Studi di Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

Thirty-eight clinical strains of Helicobacter pylori were isolated from patients with chronic gastritis and gastroduodenal ulceration, and their susceptibility to macrolide antibiotics (roxithromycin, flurithromycin, azithromycin, erythromycin) in combination with proton-pump inhibitors (lansoprazole and omeprazole) and bismuth subcitrate was assayed. Chequerboard titration was used to analyse the results of antimicrobial interactions and showed that the activity of macrolides was enhanced by combining them with lansoprazole, omeprazole or, to a lesser extent, bismuth subcitrate. While the interactions between erythromycin and the proton-pump inhibitors or bismuth subcitrate were always additive, the combinations of roxithromycin-lansoprazole, flurithromycin-omeprazole and azithromycin-lansoprazole acted synergically on 82%, 60% and 60% of H. pylori strains, respectively. These results may, in part, account for the enhanced clinical efficacy of macrolides administered with proton-pump inhibitors in the treatment of H. pylori-associated diseases.

PMID:
9579710
DOI:
10.1093/jac/41.suppl_2.29
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center