Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Crit Care. 1998 May;7(3):240-4.

Fifty percent of patients with coronary artery disease do not have any of the conventional risk factors.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine, Fla., USA.


Prinzmetal's variant angina, primarily a vasospastic disease, is a glaring example of the gaps in our knowledge regarding the etiology of coronary heart disease. Half of all patients with coronary heart disease do not have any of the established coronary risk factors. Prinzmetal's variant angina, syndrome X, coronary embolization, and congenital coronary anomalies, are a few examples of conditions that may not be associated with established risk factors. New risk factors that are emerging in an attempt to establish an etiology in this group of patients are homocysteine plasma fibrinogen, estrogen-deficiency lipoprotein (a), C-reactive protein, Chlamydia pneumoniae, factor VII endogenous tissue plasminogen, and endogenous plasminogen activator/inhibitor type I. The battle against cardiovascular disease continues!

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center