Send to

Choose Destination
Fungal Genet Biol. 1998 Mar;23(2):150-61.

Positioning of nuclei in the secondary Mycelium of Schizophyllum commune in relation to differential gene expression.

Author information

Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, Haren, 9751 NN, The Netherlands.


In this paper we propose a novel type of gene regulation in the MATA|l4 MATB|l4 heterokaryon of Schizophyllum commune by means of differential positioning of the nuclei. It was found that binucleate hyphae with juxtaposed nuclei secrete SC4 hydrophobin (abundant during fruit-body formation), while SC3 (abundant during aerial hyphae formation in both mono- and dikaryons) appeared to be absent. Certain growth conditions disrupted the binucleate state in that the compatible nuclei became separated at a considerable distance. Under these conditions SC4 was not secreted while SC3 was secreted to a high degree. Disruption of the binucleate state was earlier observed in developing aerial hyphae which secrete SC3. Apparently, when the nuclei are in close proximity the dikaryon-expressed genes are switched on by interaction of the products of the MATA and MATB mating-type genes, while SC3 is suppressed by interacting products of the MATB genes, as occurs in the common MATA heterokaryon (MATA= MATB|l4). Growth conditions that lead to disruption of the binucleate state apparently result in abolishment of interaction between the MATB mating-type genes. Under these conditions, dikaryon-specific mRNAs do not accumulate in the MATA|l4 MATB|l4 heterokaryon, while SC3 mRNA becomes highly abundant.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center