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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Apr;22(4):325-8.

Effects of phentermine on striatal dopamine and serotonin release in conscious rats: in vivo microdialysis study.

Author information

1
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge 02139, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To measure the effects of phentermine, an appetite supressant, on the release of brain dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) into striatal dialysates of freely moving rats.

DESIGN:

Microdialysis and high performance liquid chromatography.

SUBJECTS:

Unanesthetized rats.

MEASUREMENTS:

Samples collected every 20 min were assayed for both neurotransmitters in a single run, using high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.

RESULTS:

Baseline levels of DA and 5-HT in dialysates were 56+/-16 and 3+/-0.6 fmol/20 microl, respectively. Administration of phentermine (2 or 5 mg/kg) increased dialysate DA concentrations to 147+/-17% (P < 0.01) and 320+/-89% (P < 0.01) of baseline, respectively, without significantly affecting 5-HT concentrations. Pretreatment with tetrodotoxin (TTX, 60 min, 1 microM), which abolished the basal release of DA and 5-HT into striatal dialysates, diminished the increase in DA concentrations induced by phentermine, but did not completely block it. Phentermine (2 or 5 mg/kg, i.p.) still stimulated DA release to 27+/-13% and 85+/-15% of baseline, respectively, in the presence of TTX.

CONCLUSION:

Phentermine increases brain DA but not 5-HT release in freely moving rats, and TTX reduces, but does not fully block this effect. This pattern is similar to that known to be produced by d-amphetamine.

PMID:
9578237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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