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Prednisolone inhibits synthesis of 5-H(P)ETE in eosinophils from asthmatic patients during a wheezing attack but not during remission.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.


To estimate the effect of prednisolone on 5-lipoxygenase activity in eosinophils obtained from asthmatic patients, cytosolic levels of 5-H(P)ETE and Ca2+ were measured in the eosinophils which were exposed to prednisolone in vitro and in vivo. The mean level of 5-H(P)ETE during a wheezing attack was significantly lower in the patients who had received intravenous prednisolone (500 mg/day). Incubation with prednisolone in vitro caused a dose-dependent decrease in the cytosolic levels of 5-H(P)ETE and Ca2+ in eosinophils obtained during the wheezing attack, but not in the eosinophils obtained from during remission. Results suggest that prednisolone inhibits the level of 5-H(P)ETE in the eosinophil cytosols of asthmatic patients during a wheezing attack, probably by inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase activity which is involved in the reduction of the influx of Ca2+.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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