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Am J Physiol. 1998 Apr;274(4):E634-41. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1998.274.4.E634.

ERK2 mediates oxytocin-stimulated PGE2 synthesis.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555-1062, USA.


Oxytocin (OT) induces PG synthesis by both uterine endometrial and amnion cells. We showed previously that CHO cells stably transfected with the rat oxytocin receptor (CHO-OTR cells) also synthesize PGE2 in response to OT. In the present work we have demonstrated that OTRs are coupled to both Gi and Gq/11, using immunoprecipitation of solubilized OTR complexes and ADP ribosylation. OT treatment caused the rapid phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2 or p42MAPK), which was partially inhibited by pertussis toxin (PTX), consistent with OTR-Gi coupling. The PTX-insensitive portion of ERK2 phosphorylation was linked to Gq, as inhibitors of both phospholipase C (U-73122) and protein kinase C (GF-109203X) blocked OT-induced ERK2 phosphorylation. OT-stimulated c-fos expression was also mediated by ERK2 phosphorylation. The ERK-c-fos pathway has been shown to be associated with cell proliferation, but OT had no effect on [3H]thymidine uptake by CHO-OTR cells. However, inhibition of OT-induced ERK2 phosphorylation with an ERK kinase inhibitor (PD-98059) markedly reduced OT-stimulated PGE2 synthesis, pointing to the importance of ERK2 activation in OT action.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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