Send to

Choose Destination
J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1998 Apr;13(2):27-35.

Standardized assessment of concussion (SAC): on-site mental status evaluation of the athlete.

Author information

Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, WI 53188, USA.



This study investigated the clinical utility of the Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) in detecting concussion in athletes.


Athletic trainers administered the SAC to 568 nonconcussed high school and college football players prior to the 1995 and 1996 football seasons. Thirty-three of these players experienced concussion and were tested immediately following injury; 28 of the 33 underwent additional follow-up testing 48 hours after the injury.


Concussed players scored significantly below nonconcussed controls on all SAC measures and significantly below their own pre-injury baseline performance. Follow-up testing documented return to preinjury baseline.


These findings support the SAC's effectiveness in detecting concussion and tracking recovery in order to determine a player's fitness to return to play.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center