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J Clin Microbiol. 1998 May;36(5):1220-5.

Detection of kanamycin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis by identifying mutations in the 16S rRNA gene.

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Department of Pathology, Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Japan.


In Mycobacterium smegmatis and a limited number of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, the involvement of alterations of the 16S rRNA gene (rrs) in resistance to kanamycin has been shown. To investigate the extent to which mutations in a specific region of the rrs gene and the kanamycin-resistant phenotype in clinically isolated M. tuberculosis strains were correlated, 43 kanamycin-resistant strains (MICs, > or =200 microg/ml), 71 kanamycin-susceptible strains, and 4 type strains were examined. The 300-bp DNA fragments carrying the rrs gene and the intervening sequence between the rrs gene and 23S rRNA (rrl) gene fragments were amplified by PCR and were subjected to PCR-based direct sequencing. By comparing the nucleotide sequences, substitutions were found in 29 of 43 (67.4%) kanamycin-resistant clinical isolates at positions 1400, 1401, and 1483 but in none of the 71 sensitive isolates or the 4 type strains. The most frequent substitution, from A to G, occurred at position 1400. A substitution from C to T at position 1401 was found once. Two clinical isolates carried the double mutation from C to A at position 1401 and from G to T at position 1483. In addition, we found that these mutants can be distinguished from wild-type strains by digestion with the restriction endonucleases TaiI and Tsp45I. Furthermore, we found that the genotypes of kanamycin-resistant strains can be discriminated from each other by digestion with a restriction endonuclease, BstUI or DdeI.

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