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Conn Med. 1998 Mar;62(3):131-7.

Pre-discharge outcomes of 22-27 weeks gestational age infants born at tertiary care centers in Connecticut implications for perinatal management.

Author information

1
University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington; USA.

Abstract

There is a lack of regional data on survival and morbidity of extremely premature infants born and resuscitated at tertiary care centers. This study analyzes such data from three tertiary care perinatal centers in Connecticut and provides a paradigm for its use in developing guidelines for evidence-based ethical considerations in infants at the threshold of viability. Outcomes of inborn infants 22 to 27 weeks gestation (based on obstetric estimates) who were actively resuscitated at three regional perinatal tertiary-care centers (representing 80% of such infants from Connecticut) were studied retrospectively. Survival and cumulative major morbidities at discharge, stratified by gestational age, were analyzed. Of the 405 infants studied, 278 (69%) survived to discharge. There were no survivors beyond three days at 22 weeks gestational age. Unfavorable outcome defined as death or major morbidity (> or = grade 2 intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, > or = Stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis > or = Stage 2, and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks postmenstrual age.) was seen in > 85% of 23 and 24 weeks gestation infants. At 25 weeks approximately equal to 30% of infants were discharged without an unfavorable outcome. At 26 and 27 weeks gestation 43% and 61% respectively escaped unfavorable outcomes with > 85% rates of survival. Current regional data such as these would help in developing guidelines for the perinatal management of premature infants at the threshold of viability.

PMID:
9573649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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