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Kidney Int. 1998 May;53(5):1133-42.

Atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits endothelin-1-induced activation of JNK in glomerular mesangial cells.

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Third Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to counteract various actions of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in mesangial cells. We have reported that both extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) are activated by ET-1 and ET-1-induced activation of ERK is inhibited by ANP. To further clarify the action of ANP, we examined the effect of ANP on ET-1-induced activation of JNK. ANP inhibited ET-1-induced activation of JNK in a dose-dependent manner. This inhibitory effect of ANP was reversed by HS-142-1, an antagonist for biological receptors of ANP, while C-ANP, an analog specific to clearance receptors of ANP, failed to inhibit ET-1-induced activation of JNK. 8-Bromo-cGMP and sodium nitroprusside were also able to inhibit ET-1-induced activation of JNK, suggesting cGMP-dependent action of ANP. In contrast, ANP failed to inhibit interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta)-induced activation of JNK. Since an increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) was shown to be necessary for ET-1-induced activation of JNK in mesangial cells, we measured [Ca2+]i using fura-2. ANP attenuated the ET-1-induced increase in [Ca2+]i in concentrations enough to inhibit ET-1-induced activation of JNK. Finally, ANP was able to inhibit ET-1-, but not IL-1 beta-induced increase in DNA-binding activity of AP-1 by gel shift assay. These results indicate that ANP is able to inhibit ET-1-induced activation of AP-1 by inhibiting both ERK and JNK, suggesting that ANP might be able to counteract the expression of AP-1-dependent genes induced by ET-1.

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