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Blood. 1998 May 15;91(10):3646-53.

Long-term immune reconstitution and outcome after HLA-nonidentical T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation for severe combined immunodeficiency: a European retrospective study of 116 patients.

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  • 1Unité d'Immunologie et d'Hématologie Pédiatriques, Département de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.


We have performed a retrospective analysis of the development of T- and B-cell functions after HLA-nonidentical T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation (BMT) performed in 193 patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) at 18 European centers between December 1982 and December 31, 1993. One hundred sixteen of 193 patients were alive with evidence of engraftment 6 months after BMT. Development of T-cell function occurred earlier than B-cell function and was achieved more frequently up to the time of last follow-up. The median time to achieve normal T-cell function was 8.7 months, whereas the median time to achieve normal B-cell function was 14.9 months. Twenty-four patients died later than 6 months post-BMT, mainly due to chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and/or viral infection. Absence of T-cell reconstitution 6 months after BMT, unlike absence of B-cell reconstitution, was associated with a poor outcome. Two additional factors were associated with a poor outcome: presence of cGVHD 6 months after BMT and B- SCID versus B+ SCID. However, two of these three factors remained as significant prognostic factors in a multivariate analysis: the absence of T-cell function and the presence of cGVHD 6 months after BMT. Analysis of the factors influencing the development of immune reconstitution showed that T- and B-cell functions occurred earlier and more frequently in B+ SCID versus B- SCID patients. Acute GVHD was associated with a slower development of T-cell function at 6 months, and cGVHD had a negative influence on the development of T-cell function afterwards, but neither acute nor chronic GVHD was found to influence the development of B-cell function. Once engraftment occurred, whether patients had or had not received Busulfan in the conditioning regimen did not influence the kinetics and quality of T-cell function development. In a multivariate study, two factors were found to influence the T-cell function 6 months after BMT: type of SCID and acute GVHD. The results of this retrospective analysis should lead to new protocols adapted to SCID disease, considering that disease-related as well as BMT-related parameters influence the development of immune function and thereby long-term outcome after HLA-nonidentical T-cell-depleted BMT.

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