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Drug Alcohol Depend. 1998 Feb 1;49(3):217-23.

Prediction of 7 months methadone maintenance treatment response by four measures of antisociality.

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University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Treatment Research Center, Philadelphia 19104, USA. Internnet.Alterman@Research.TRC.UPenn.Edu


Zero-order correlational and simultaneous regression analyses were performed to ascertain the comparative validity of four measures of antisociality for predicting the initial 7 months treatment response of 193 male methadone maintenance (MM) patients. Predictor variables were the number of childhood conduct disorder (CD) behaviors, number of adult antisocial personality disorder (A-APD) behaviors, the revised Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R) score and the revised California Psychological Inventory-Socialization (CPI-So) scale score. The outcome measures were completion/noncompletion of 7 months of treatment, percent positive during-treatment of cocaine, opiate and benzodiazepine urine toxicologies, and change from baseline to 7 months follow-up in seven Addiction severity index (ASI) composite scores (CSs). All four measures of antisociality were significantly correlated with treatment noncompletion, although only the PCL-R score was significant in the predictor model. The PCL-R predicted more positive cocaine urines. At the individual level, both PCL-R and CPI-So were associated with more positive benzodiazepine urines, but neither contributed a significant amount of variance when both were entered in the model. None of the predictors were significantly associated with self reported improvement in the CSs. The PCL-R and CPI-So were more successful in predicting outcomes than the two behavior-based measures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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