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J Immunol. 1998 Feb 1;160(3):1385-92.

CC chemokine receptors 1 and 3 are differentially regulated by IL-5 during maturation of eosinophilic HL-60 cells.

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Laboratory of Host Defenses, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


CC chemokine receptors 1 and 3 (CCR1 and CCR3) are expressed by eosinophils; however, factors regulating their expression and function have not previously been defined. Here we analyze chemokine receptor expression and function during eosinophil differentiation, using the eosinophilic cell line HL-60 clone 15 as a model system. RNA for CCR1, -3, -4, and -5 was not detectable in the parental cells, and the cells did not specifically bind CC chemokines. Cells treated with butyric acid acquired eosinophil characteristics; expressed mRNA for CCR1 and CCR3, but not for CCR4 or CCR5; acquired specific binding sites for macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha and eotaxin (the selective ligands for CCR1 and CCR3, respectively); and exhibited specific calcium flux and chemotaxis responses to macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha, eotaxin, and other known CCR1 and CCR3 agonists. CCR3 was expressed later and at lower levels than CCR1 and could be further induced by IL-5, whereas IL-5 had little or no effect on CCR1 expression. Consistent with the HIV-1 coreceptor activity of CCR3, HL-60 clone 15 cells induced with butyric acid and IL-5 fused with HeLa cells expressing CCR3-tropic HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins, and fusion was blocked specifically by eotaxin or an anti-CCR3 mAb. These data suggest that CCR1 and CCR3 are markers of late eosinophil differentiation that are differentially regulated by IL-5 in this model.

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