Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1997 Dec;29(12):1313-23.

Transcriptional regulation by the Sp family proteins.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics, Molecular and General Biology, University of Naples, Federico II, Italy.


Sp1 is one of the very first cellular transcription factors to be identified and cloned in virtue of its binding to a G-rich motif in the SV40 early promoter. Sp1 protein binds to the G-rich sequences present in a variety of cellular and viral promoters and stimulates their transcriptional activity. Recently, a number of other GC and/or GT box-binding factors homologous to Sp1 have been isolated, namely Sp2, Sp3 and Sp4, and the two more distantly related factors, BTEB and BTEB2. The discovery of this family highlights a previously unknown level of complexity of transcriptional regulation of promoters containing GC and/or GT box motifs. This review focuses primarily on strategies aimed to elucidate the transcription properties of the Sp1-like factors and discusses the experimental problems inherent in the attempt to define their respective functions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center