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Appl Radiat Isot. 1998 Jul;49(7):783-90.

Radiation dose to the human respiratory tract from inhalation of radon-222 and its progeny.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, El-Minia University, Egypt.

Abstract

In this article the regional dose equivalent for exposure to 1 working level month (WLM), the annual effective dose equivalent and the dose equivalent conversion factor due to the inhalation of short-lived radon progeny (218Po, 214Pb and 214Bi/214Po) are calculated with a dosimetric model. Experimental results of aerosol size characteristics, unattached activity fractions, equilibrium factors, and activity size distributions of the short-lived radon progeny in indoor and outdoor atmosphere are summarized. Dose calculations based on these results show that the changes in dose rate values are influenced by the different model assumptions concerning deposition probabilities of aerosol particles in the respiratory system during inhalation, the sensitivity of different cells (epithelial, basal) to radiation and assuming nose or mouth breathing. The inverse relationship between the unattached fraction of potential alpha-particle energy in room air and the radioactive equilibrium between radon gas and its progeny indicates that dose equivalent is closely related to the concentration of radon gas averaged over a period of exposure.

PMID:
9570097
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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