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J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Jun 5;40(3):475-89.

Comparison of human, primate, and canine femora: implications for biomaterials testing in total hip replacement.

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Bone Research Laboratory, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (151F), Salt Lake City, Utah 84148, USA.


The canine model remains an animal of choice for determining the efficacy and safety of various materials and designs used in human total hip replacement (THR). The primate also is used in orthopedic-related research for studying limb anatomy, gait, and age-related bone loss. In order to better understand the appropriateness of these animal models for human THR, external morphologies of thirty-three adult Caucasian human, sixteen adult chimpanzee, and forty-two adult greyhound femora were compared using osteometric methods. Measured parameters included anteversion angle, cervico-diaphyseal angle, femoral head offset in the frontal plane, and anterior bow profiles along the femoral diaphysis. Although some of the measured parameters were approximately similar between species (e.g., mean cervico-diaphyseal angle of humans and chimpanzees), the majority demonstrated morphologic differences that may be biomechanically significant for interpreting stress transfer across the hip (e.g., mean anteversion angle and mean normalized femoral head offset between species). Additionally, age-related changes in proximal femoral morphology and gait pattern, as well as species-related differences in local muscle and inertial forces, may result in notably different loading conditions across the hip joint of each species. Therefore, discretion must be exercised when evaluating canine or primate THR materials and designs for potential use in the human hip.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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