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Protein Sci. 1998 Apr;7(4):1057-60.

Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of a 1:1 complex between a designed monomeric interferon-gamma and its soluble receptor.

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1
Graduate Group in Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94000, USA.

Abstract

A variant of human interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has been created in which the two chains of the homodimeric cytokine were linked N- to C-terminus by an eight residue polypeptide linker. The sequence of this linker was derived from a loop in bira bifunctional protein, and was determined from a structural database search. This "single-chain" variant was used to create an IFN-gamma molecule that binds only a single copy of the alpha-chain receptor, rather than the 2 alpha-chain receptor: 1 IFN-gamma binding stoichiometry observed for the native hormone. Crystals have been grown of a 1:1 complex between this single-chain molecule and the extracellular domain of its alpha-chain receptor. These crystals diffract beyond 2.0 A, significantly better than the 2.9 A observed for the native 2:1 complex. Density calculations suggest these crystals contain two complexes in the asymmetric unit; a self-rotation function confirms this conclusion.

PMID:
9568913
PMCID:
PMC2143989
DOI:
10.1002/pro.5560070424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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