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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1998 Apr;18(4):263-71.

IFN-gamma primes macrophage responses to bacterial DNA.

Author information

1
Centre for Molecular and Cellular Biology, Department of Microbiology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

Macrophages recognize and are activated by unmethylated CpG motifs in bacterial DNA. Here we demonstrate that production of nitric oxide (NO) from murine RAW 264 macrophages and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) in response to bacterial DNA is absolutely dependent on interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) priming. Similarly, arginine uptake and expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene in response to bacterial DNA in BMM occurred only after IFN-gamma priming. In contrast, mRNA for the cationic amino acid transporter, CAT2, was induced by plasmid DNA alone, and priming with IFN-gamma had no effect on this response. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) release from RAW 264 and BMM in response to bacterial DNA was augmented by IFN-gamma pretreatment. In a stably transfected HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) luciferase RAW 264 cell line, IFN-gamma and bacterial DNA synergized in activation of the HIV-1 LTR. Bacterial DNA has been shown to induce IFN-gamma production in vivo as an indirect consequence of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and TNF-alpha production from macrophages. The results herein suggest the existence of a self-amplifying loop that may have implications for therapeutic applications of bacterial DNA.

PMID:
9568729
DOI:
10.1089/jir.1998.18.263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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