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Rev Sci Tech. 1997 Dec;16(3):833-40.

Detection of virus infection-associated antigen and 3D antibodies in cattle vaccinated against foot and mouth disease.

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Instituto de Virología, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina.


The analysis of sera obtained from animals vaccinated or revaccinated with inactivated vaccines against foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus showed that these vaccines induced antibodies against the virus infection-associated (VIA) antigen, detectable by agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID). The present study evaluates the antibody response to protein 3D and the VIA antigen (VIAA) of FMD virus induced by different vaccines in a group of 51 calves. This response was detected using AGID and a liquid-phase blocking sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for anti-3D antibodies (ELISA-3D). No anti-VIAA or anti-3D antibodies were detected after the initial vaccination. Following revaccination, animals giving positive results were detected by both methods. This immune response disappeared 60-120 days post-revaccination (dprv) according to the AGID method, and 90-180 dprv when ELISA-3D was used. Samples of oesophageal-pharyngeal fluid obtained from animals that remained positive for anti-VIAA antibodies at 90-120 dprv gave negative results for viral isolation, indicating that the transitional antibody response induced by the vaccine was due to the presence of non-structural antigens in the vaccine and not to viral infection. These results indicate that the ELISA-3D method could be used as a complementary method for sero-epidemiological studies as an indirect indicator of viral activity, as long as the age and vaccination status of the animals being sampled are taken into consideration.

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