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Mol Immunol. 1997 Nov-Dec;34(16-17):1113-20.

Induction of cross-reactive antibodies against a self protein by immunization with a modified self protein containing a foreign T helper epitope.

Author information

1
M&E Biotech A/S, Hørsholm, Denmark.

Abstract

Self proteins are handled in the same way as foreign proteins by antigen presenting cells, but because of T-cell tolerance the presentation of self peptides does not normally lead to T cell activation. By providing physically linked T-cell help it is possible to overcome the B cell non-responsiveness toward self antigens. We have shown previously that a very potent antibody response, cross-reactive with a self protein, can be rapidly induced by immunizing with a recombinant immunogen consisting of the self protein with a foreign immunodominant T helper epitope inserted into its sequence (Dalum, I., Jensen, M. R., Hindersson, P., Elsner, H. I. and Mouritsen, S. (1996) J. Immnunol. 157, 4796). In this study we compare this approach for inducing autoantibodies against a self protein with the traditional method of conjugating the self antigen to a foreign carrier protein. The highly conserved self protein ubiquitin with an inserted epitope from ovalbumin (UbiOVA) is used as a model protein and compared to two traditionally conjugated immunogens consisting of ubiquitin chemically conjugated to a peptidic T helper epitope or to ovalbumin. The traditionally conjugated immunogens induce much slower and low titered ubiquitin specific antibody responses than the recombinant construct which also is capable of inducing antibodies directed against a much broader range of potential ubiquitin B cell determinants than the chemically conjugated immunogens. All three constructs are processed by antigen presenting cells and ovalbumin derived T cell epitopes are presented to T helper cells. From these observations it seems likely that the presence of non-shielded autologous B cell determinants on the immunogen is critical for the ability to induce a strong autoantibody response with a diverse fine specificity. Furthermore, the ubiquitin specific antibodies induced by UbiOVA contain higher levels of IgG2a/b relative to IgG1 compared to the conjugates. We therefore speculate that the insertion of a T cell epitope directly into the self antigen could possibly induce an immune response with a different Th1/Th2 balance than a response induced with traditional conjugates.

PMID:
9566759
DOI:
10.1016/s0161-5890(97)00147-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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