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Differential effects of normal aging on sources of standard N1, target N1 and target P300 auditory event-related brain potentials revealed by low resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA).

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1
Clinical Psychophysiology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

The P300 event-related potential (ERP) is considered to be closely related to cognitive processes. In normal aging, P300 scalp latencies increase, parietal P300 scalp amplitudes decrease and the scalp potential field shifts to a relatively more frontal distribution. Based on ERPs recorded in 172 normal healthy subjects aged between 20 and 88 years in an auditory oddball paradigm, the effects of age on the electrical activity in the brain corresponding to N1 and P300 components were estimated by means of low resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA). This distributed approach directly computes a unique 3-dimensional electrical source distribution by assuming that neighbouring neurons are simultaneously and synchronously active. N1 LORETA generators, located predominantly in both auditory cortices and also symmetrically in prefrontal areas, increased with advancing age for standards but remained stable for targets. P300 LORETA generators, located symmetrically in the prefrontal cortex, in the parieto-occipital junction and in the inferior parietal cortex (supramarginal gyrus) and medially in the superior parietal cortex, were differentially affected by age. While age did not affect parieto-occipital sources, superior parietal and right prefrontal sources decreased pronouncedly. Thus, in normal aging, P300 current density decreased in regions were a fronto-parietal network for sustained attention was localized.

PMID:
9566629
DOI:
10.1016/s0168-5597(97)00080-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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