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A method for the calculation of induced band power: implications for the significance of brain oscillations.

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1
Department of Physiological Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria. Wolfgang.Klimesch@sbg.ac.at

Abstract

A method for the calculation of significant changes in induced band power (IBP) is presented. In contrast to traditional measures of event-related band power (ERBP) which are composed of evoked and not evoked EEG components, the proposed measure for IBP is deprived from phase locked (or evoked) EEG activity. It is assumed that changes in IBP reflect the modulation of brain oscillations that are largely independent from ERPs. The results of a visual oddball task show that significant changes in IBP can be observed in response to the presentation of a warning signal (preceding a target or nontarget) and the imperative stimulus (i.e. a target or nontarget) in the alpha, theta and delta band. Only a few significant changes in IBP were obtained for the warning signal in the theta band although highly significant changes in ERBP were found. Our findings document that changes in IBP may be considered a phenomenon that is largely independent from the occurrence of ERPs. They underline the significance of oscillatory processes and suggest that induced rhythms are modulated by stimuli and/or events in a not phase locked way.

PMID:
9566625
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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