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J Biol Chem. 1998 May 8;273(19):11630-7.

Biphasic activation of PKBalpha/Akt in platelets. Evidence for stimulation both by phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate, produced via a novel pathway, and by phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate.

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  • 1Kimmel Cancer Institute and Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.

Abstract

Stimulation of platelet thrombin receptors or protein kinase C causes fibrinogen-dependent aggregation that is a function of integrin alphaIIb beta3 activation. Such platelets rapidly and transiently form phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) and a small amount of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4)P2). After aggregation, a larger amount of PtdIns(3,4)P2 is generated. We report that this latter PtdIns(3,4)P2 arises largely through wortmannin-inhibitable generation of PtdIns3P and then phosphorylation by PtdIns3P 4-kinase (PtdIns3P 4-K), a novel pathway apparently contingent upon the activation of the Ca2+-dependent protease calpain. Elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ by ionophore, without integrin/ligand binding, is insufficient to activate the pathway. PtdIns3P 4-K is not the recently described "PIP5KIIalpha." Cytoskeletal activities of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and PtdIns3P 4-K increase after aggregation. Prior to aggregation, PtdIns3P 4-K can be regulated negatively by the beta gamma subunit of heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein. After aggregation, PtdIns3P 4-K calpain-dependently loses its susceptibility to Gbeta gamma and is, in addition, activated. Both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 have been shown to stimulate PKBalpha/Akt phosphorylation and activation by phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1. We find that activation of PKBalpha/Akt in platelets is phosphorylation-dependent and biphasic; the initial phase is PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-dependent and more efficient, whereas the second phase depends upon PtdIns(3,4)P2 generated after aggregation. There is thus potential for both pre- and post-aggregation-dependent signaling by PKBalpha/Akt.

PMID:
9565582
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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