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J Biol Chem. 1998 May 8;273(19):11544-7.

P2X1 purinoceptor in human platelets. Molecular cloning and functional characterization after heterologous expression.

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  • 1Department of Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Maryland Research Laboratories, Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc., Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.


ADP is an important physiological platelet agonist. The molecular identity of the ADP receptor(s) in human platelets, however, is still unclear. Although P2T purinoceptor was believed to be the ligand-gated cation channel for ADP in human platelets, recent patch clamp studies now suggest it is P2X1 type. In the present study, we have cloned a cDNA encoding a P2X1 purinoceptor from human platelets using degenerate reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. Northern blotting with a P2X1-specific probe revealed a band of 1.8 kilobases in human platelets as well as in several megakaryoblastic cell lines. 1321N1 human astrocytoma cells expressing the cloned P2X1 cDNA exhibited both ATP- and ADP-stimulated Ca2+ influx that could be blocked by the purinoceptor antagonist pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid and suramin. Additionally, a polyclonal antibody raised against glutathione-S-transferase-P2X1 fusion peptide reacted with a 70-kDa band on Western blot of human platelets. It is therefore concluded that functional P2X1 purinoceptors are present in human platelets.

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