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Hum Pathol. 1998 Apr;29(4):347-51.

Myofibroblastoma of the breast revisited: an etiologic association with androgens?

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of South Florida, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Tampa, USA.


Myofibroblastoma of the breast is an uncommon benign stromal tumor encountered predominantly among elderly men. Histologically, myofibroblastoma is a well-circumscribed tumor comprised of bipolar spindle cells arranged in short fascicles traversed by collagen bundles. Based on previous histological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural observations, this tumor is thought to be derived from myofibroblasts. The pathogenesis of myofibroblastoma is unknown. Given the demographics of this lesion, the established trophic effect of steroid hormones, and the potential diagnostic utility of hormone receptor analysis in differentiating spindle cell tumors, we immunohistochemically tested for estrogen and androgen receptors in a host of spindle cell lesions including myofibroblastoma of the breast. Five cases reported herein of histological confirmed myofibroblastoma obtained from male and female breasts each showed strong nuclear antibody staining for the androgen receptor, not seen in four cases of leiomyosarcoma, three cases of fibromatosis, three cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and two cases of monophasic synovial sarcoma. We postulate that the androgen receptor or its ligands may be pathologically related to the development of myofibroblastoma of the breast and diagnostically useful in differentiating it from other spindle cell lesions.

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