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Cancer Res. 1998 Apr 15;58(8):1762-7.

cdc25 cell cycle-activating phosphatases and c-myc expression in human non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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Department of Pathology, Institut de Investigacions Biomèdiques Agustí Pí i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Spain.


cdc25A, cdc25B, and cdc25C are a family of human phosphatases that activate the cyclin-dependent kinases at different points of the cell cycle. cdc25A and cdc25B have been shown to have oncogenic potential, and they have been identified as transcriptional targets of c-myc. To determine the role of cdc25 genes in the pathogenesis of human lymphomas and their possible correlation with c-myc deregulation, we have analyzed the expression of cdc25A, cdc25B, and cdc25C and c-myc genes in a series of 63 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and 8 nonneoplastic lymphoid tissues. The mRNA levels of the three phosphatases in the nonneoplastic tissues were negative or negligible. cdc25B overexpression was detected in 35 tumors (56%). This overexpression was more frequently found in aggressive (81%) than in indolent lymphomas (36%; P < 0.01). cdc25B overexpression was also significantly associated with a higher proliferative activity of the tumors. No cdc25B gene amplification or rearrangements were detected by Southern blot analysis. A biallelic EcoRI polymorphism of cdc25B gene was identified with a similar distribution in patients with lymphoma and in a normal population. cdc25A was overexpressed in three aggressive lymphomas. No detectable cdc25C mRNA levels were seen in any of the tumors. c-myc was overexpressed in 43% of tumors, and it correlated significantly with the presence of cdc25B up-regulation. Twenty-six of 35 (74%) lymphomas with high levels of cdc25B mRNA also showed c-myc overexpression, whereas 27 of 28 (96%) tumors without detectable or with very low cdc25B expression also had undetectable c-myc levels (P < 0.0001). In addition, a significant linear correlation was found between the cdc25B and c-myc mRNA levels (r = 0.575, P < 0.001). These findings suggest that cdc25B overexpression in non-Hodkin's lymphoma may participate in the pathogenesis of aggressive variants, and it may cooperate with c-myc oncogene in the development of these tumors.

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