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J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1998 Mar-Apr;35(2):73-9; quiz 110-1.

Clinical practice guidelines for the management of orbital cellulitis.

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Division of Ophthalmology, Miami Children's Hospital, FL 33155-3009, USA.



A retrospective study was performed to review the management of periorbital and orbital cellulitis at Miami Children's Hospital, between January 1, 1993 and February 15, 1996.


One hundred and one patients were included in this study. The variables analyzed in this study included age, sex, length of hospital stay, imaging studies, laboratory tests, and microbiology specimens collected. Patients were classified according to the modified Chandler classification. Average length of stay for our patient population was 4.5 days. Data regarding the radiologic studies, laboratory tests, and microbiology yield of specimens were analyzed.


The incidence of orbital infection, manifested by lid swelling alone is much more common (stages I and II) than orbital infection involving postseptal findings (stages III, IV, and V); 84.16% compared with 15.84%, respectively. An updated approach and a general guideline for the management of periorbital and orbital cellulitis according to the clinical staging of the process is presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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