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Blood. 1998 May 1;91(9):3148-55.

High CD34(+) cell counts decrease hematologic toxicity of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation.

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Service d'Hématologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France.


Optimal numbers of CD34(+) cells to be reinfused in patients undergoing peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation after high-dose chemotherapy are still unknown. Hematologic reconstitution of 168 transplantations performed in patients with lymphoproliferative diseases was analyzed according to the number of CD34(+) cells reinfused. The number of days from PBPC reinfusion until neutrophil recovery (>1.0 x 10(9)/L) and unsustained platelet recovery (>50 x 10(9)/L) were analyzed in three groups defined by the number of CD34(+) cells reinfused: a low group with less than or equal to 2.5 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, a high group with greater than 15 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, and an intermediate group to which the former two groups were compared. The 22 low-group patients had a significantly delayed neutrophil (P < .0001) and platelet recovery (P < .0001). The 41 high-group patients experienced significantly shorter engraftment compared with the intermediate group with a median of 11 (range, 8 to 16) versus 12 (range, 7 to 17) days for neutrophil recovery (P = .003), and a median of 11 (range, 7 to 24) versus 14 (range, 8 to 180+) days for platelet recovery (P < .0001). These patients required significantly less platelet transfusions (P = .002). In a multivariate analysis, the amount of CD34(+) cells reinfused was the only variable showing significance for neutrophil and platelet recovery. High-group patients had a shorter hospital stay (P = .01) and tended to need fewer days of antibotic administration (P = .12). In conclusion, these results suggest that reinfusion of greater than 15 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg after high-dose chemotherapy for lymphoproliferative diseases further shortens hematopoietic reconstitution, reduces platelet requirements, and may improve patients' quality of life.

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