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Gastroenterology. 1998 May;114(5):930-9.

Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor kinase induces protease-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. karnes@ralph.mayo.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is under investigation as a therapeutic target for cancers. Colon cancer cell lines are variably dependent on autocrine stimulation of EGFR. We therefore examined the effects of a selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, PD 153035, on proliferation and survival of five colon cancer cell lines whose autonomous proliferation is either EGFR ligand dependent or EGFR ligand independent.

METHODS:

Effects of inhibitors were screened by MTS growth assays, [3H]thymidine incorporation, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling assay, fluorescence microscopy, immunoblotting, and in vitro protease assays.

RESULTS:

PD 153035 caused dose-dependent cytostasis (200 nmol/L to 1 micromol/L) and apoptosis (>10 micromol/L) in ligand-dependent cell lines and caused variable apoptosis (>10 micromol/L) but no cytostasis in ligand-independent cell lines. Apoptosis induced by 10 micromol/L PD 153035 was not associated with induction of p53 protein expression but was accompanied by activation of caspases that cleave poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, lamin B1, and Bcl-2. Inhibition of caspase 3-like protease activity by DEVD-fluoromethylketone significantly delayed the onset of PD 153035-induced apoptosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor PD 153035 induces cytostasis and caspase-dependent apoptosis in EGFR ligand-dependent colon cancer cell lines. These observations encourage further investigation of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors for treatment of colorectal neoplasms.

PMID:
9558281
DOI:
10.1016/s0016-5085(98)70312-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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