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J Virol. 1998 May;72(5):3859-62.

Effect of water-based microencapsulation on protection against EDIM rotavirus challenge in mice.

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  • 1Section of Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


We determined the capacity of microcapsules formed by the combination of sodium alginate, an aqueous anionic polymer, and spermine hydrochloride, an aqueous cationic amine, to enhance protection against rotavirus challenge in mice. Adult BALB/c mice were orally inoculated with either free or microencapsulated rotavirus (simian rotavirus strain RRV) and challenged 6 or 16 weeks later with murine rotavirus strain EDIM. Virus-specific humoral immune responses were determined at the time of challenge and 4 days after challenge by intestinal fragment culture. We found that spermine-alginate microcapsules enhanced protection against challenge 16 weeks after immunization but not 6 weeks after immunization. Quantities of virus-specific immunoglobulin A produced by small intestinal lamina propria lymphocytes were correlated with the degree of protection against challenge afforded by spermine-alginate microcapsules. Possible mechanisms by which microcapsules enhance protection against rotavirus challenge are discussed.

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