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J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 May;40(2):291-300.

Orientation of ECM protein deposition, fibroblast cytoskeleton, and attachment complex components on silicone microgrooved surfaces.

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University of Nijmegen, Dental School, Department of Biomaterials, The Netherlands.


The microfilaments and vinculin-containing attachment complexes of rat dermal fibroblasts (RDF) incubated on microtextured surfaces were investigated with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and digital image analysis (DIA). In addition, depositions of bovine and endogenous fibronectin and vitronectin were studied. Smooth and microtextured silicone substrata were produced that possessed parallel surface grooves with a groove and ridge width of 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 microns. The groove depth was approximately 0.5 micron. CLSM and DIA make it possible to visualize and analyze intracellular and extracellular proteins and the underlying surface simultaneously. It was observed that the microfilaments and vinculin aggregates of the RDFs on the 2.0 microns grooved substrata were oriented along the surface grooves after 1, 3, 5, and 7 days of incubation while these proteins were significantly less oriented on the 5.0 and 10.0 microns grooved surfaces. Vinculin was located mainly on the surface ridges on all textured surfaces. In contrast, bovine and endogenous fibronectin and vitronectin were oriented along the surface grooves on all textured surfaces. These proteins did not seem to be hindered by the surface grooves since many groove-spanning filaments were found on all the microgrooved surfaces. In conclusion, it can be said that microtextured surfaces influence the orientation of intracellular and extracellular proteins. Although results corroborate three earlier published hypotheses, they do not justify a specific choice of any one of these hypotheses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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